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Era el edificio más alto y el de mayor volumen de todo el recinto ceremonial. [24], Images of the gods Huehueteotl-Xiuhtecuhtli, together with Tlaloc, presided over most of the offerings found in the Templo Mayor. Tomado de Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, “Una visita al Templo Mayor de Tenochtitlan”, Arqueología Mexicana, Especial 56, El Templo Mayor, a un siglo de su descubrimiento, pp. [10][17] This indicates the place where the plane of the world that humans live in intersects the thirteen levels of the heavens, called Topan and the nine levels of the underworld, called Mictlan.[10]. [8] The Templo Mayor and Sacred Precinct were demolished and a Spanish church, later the main cathedral, was built on the western half of the precinct. museo del templo mayor El Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH) presenta un recorrido virtual de 360º por el Museo del Templo Mayor, ubicado en el Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México. Ese mismo año, el Museo del Templo Mayor abría sus puertas como guardián de esos valiosos bienes. It is a large L-shaped room with staircases decorated with sculptures of eagle heads. The Sacred Precinct of the Templo Mayor was surrounded by a wall called the "coatepantli" (serpent wall). Representing fire and water respectively, this pair of deities probably symbolized the concept of "burning water," a metaphor for warfare. Se trataba de una sobrecogedora construcción ritual conformada por cientos de cráneos humanos despellejados y ensartados en pértigas de madera, mudos testigos de ofrendas dedicadas a Huitzilopochtli. [3], Most of the objects found in the Templo Mayor were offerings. Almost all the interior walls of the House of the Eagles are decorated with beautiful paintings and contain long benches, which are also painted. Nine of these were built in the 1930s, and four dated from the 19th century, and had preserved colonial elements. A chacmool was uncovered as well. This stage is considered to have the richest of the architectural decorations as well as sculptures. In excavations at the Templo Mayor, different types of offerings have been found and have been grouped by researchers in terms of Time (the period in which the offering was deposited); Space (the location of the offering within the structure); Container (type and dimensions of the receptacle containing the objects); internal distribution (placement of objects within the offering) and value of the items. México antiguo. De acuerdo con los relatos de los conquistadores, la decoración de este templo consistía en la figura de una serpiente emplumada (el nombre de la deidad), cuyas fauces abiertas constituían el acceso mismo a su adoratorio. México: INAH. He built three shrines and the House of the Eagle Warriors. The upper one is a frieze with undulating serpents in bas-relief. En la parte superior de las alfar­das se ubicaban los braceros, donde ininterrumpidamente debía permanecer encendido el fuego sagrado. The spire in the center of the adjacent image was devoted to Quetzalcoatl in his form as the wind god, Ehecatl. Sin embargo, en 1913, las excavaciones de don Manuel Gamio en la esquina de Seminario y Santa Teresa (hoy Guatemala), dejaron al descubierto una esquina del Templo Mayor. Disfruta de la e-magazine de México Desconocido con acceso gratuito. The Temple of Quetzalcoatl was located to the west of the Templo Mayor. Room 6 is dedicated to the flora and fauna of Mesoamerica at this time, as most contained divine aspects for the Aztecs. Tomo I Matos_Pie_Templo_1ed_2018_FSC_Tomo1_A.indd 5 09/05/2019 08:23:52 p. m. Museo del Templo Mayor: El museo del Templo Mayor contiene ocho salas de exhibición que narran la historia del sitio arqueológico. pología e Historia, el Museo del Templo Mayor y el Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones; así como de la Universidad Nacional Autó - noma de México, de la Universidad Prefectural de Aichi, en Japón, y del aviario El Nido. Zona Arqueológica tipo AAA . Aztekischer RegengottCollection E. Eug. In 1991, the Urban Archeology Program was incorporated as part of the Templo Mayor Project whose mission is to excavate the oldest area of the city, around the main plaza. During these five years, the platform was recovered in stucco and the ceremonial plaza was paved. [14], After the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521, the lands controlled by the Aztecs became part of the Spanish empire. Con el paso del tiempo el Templo Mayor sufrió el terrible destino al que los propios mexicas habían condenado a muchas de las capitales indígenas: fue destruido a sangre y fuego por los conquistadores españoles. The great platform was decorated with serpents and braziers, some of which are in the form of monkeys and some in the form of Tlaloc. Para poder ingresar al recinto, este personaje tuvo que conducirse de manera sigilosa, vistiendo un disfraz que lo confundía entre los miembros de la nobleza mexicana. Room 2 is dedicated to the concepts of ritual and sacrifice in Tenochtitlan. As the southern half of the Great Temple represented Coatepec (on the side dedicated to Huitzilopochtli), the great stone disk with Coyolxauhqui's dismembered body was found at the foot of this side of the temple. A principios del siglo XVI el recinto sagrado abarcaba una gran extensión de aproximadamente 400 metros por lado. ... Templo Mayor, México D.F. [16], According to tradition, the Templo Mayor is located on the exact spot where the god Huitzilopochtli gave the Mexica people his sign that they had reached the promised land: an eagle on a nopal cactus with a snake in its mouth. Y, si bien las obras sólo consistían en ado­sar­le taludes y renovar escalinatas, el pueblo podía constatar el poder de su gobernante en turno y el engrandecimiento de su dios tribal, el victorioso dios-sol de la guerra. México antiguo. Archaeologist Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, in his essay "Symbolism of the Templo Mayor," posits that the orientation of the temple is indicative of the total vision that the Mexica had of the universe (cosmovision). Para la mejor vista de nuestra página web, use su dispositivo en forma horizontal. Ten of these Spanish captives were immediately sacrificed at the Temple and their severed heads were thrown back to the Spaniards. The Eagle Warriors were a privileged class who were dedicated to the god Huitzilopochtli, and dressed to look like eagles. 4:02. También estaban ahí la llamada Casa de las Águilas, el Templo de Ehécatl, el Tzompantli, el Juego de Pelota y el Calmecac, entre otras edificaciones. [6], After the destruction of Tenochtitlan, the Templo Mayor, like most of the rest of the city, was taken apart and the area redeveloped by new structures of the Spanish colonial city. These rulers, and others, each employed the resources and labour given in tribute by neighbouring states in order to build a more impressive monument than their predecessors.The location was chosen with purpose a… The lower panel shows processions of armed warriors converging on a zacatapayolli, a grass ball into which the Mexica stuck bloody lancets during the ritual of autosacrifice. [5], The sixth temple was built during the reign of Ahuizotl. El recinto contaba con tres accesos mayores, a manera de entradas, en sus lados norte, oeste y sur; de ellos salían las principales calzadas que conectaban a la ciudad con tierra firme. [7] This was based on the archeological work done at the end of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th. Fray Bernardino de Sahagún reported that the Sacred Precinct had 78 buildings; the Templo Mayor towered above all of them.

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