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basic political terminology

Book is now popular with both sides of the political divide. Any Party can write anything in their Manifestos. War between belligerents whose resources, technology, or tactics differ significantly. Campaign: The organised process of trying to persuade people to vote for you.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'myenglishteacher_eu-leader-1','ezslot_11',673,'0','0'])); Votes: A secret process of one person choosing someone to represent them in Parliament. There was Party called the Monster Raving Loony Party, a Party that wore funny clothes and didn’t take themselves seriously, they won surprise elections and ended up in Parliament! Fr. The discipline that applies mathematics, statistics and probability theory to assess risk in human affairs such as insurance, issuing finance, and in some cases sentencing in criminal justice. Lindsay Dinan is originally from the South West of England between Dartmoor and the sea. Political Terms used in the United States. Whereas a nation’s enacted laws are deemed to protect people from the harmful deeds of their fellow citizens, a B.o.R is deemed to protect the citizenry from the excesses of their rulers. It’s an interesting exercise and surprisingly hard! The following terms often suffer misuse because of the lack knowledge of history; examples include liberal, conservative, democracy, republic, left wing, right wing, fascism, and nazism. Security Council terminology in Sahara resolutions is evolving towards terms compatibile with the requirements for a political settlement. They are STILL the Government! This usually happens automatically when you pay taxes in the UK. Incumbent: Person currently holding an official position. The word HOLD is also used for organising a big event, similar to ‘hosting‘. To abuse a position means you take more than is yours to take. A theory to explain the discrepancy sometimes noticed between pre-election polling and election results where the “socially acceptable” candidate or proposition did not win. 1)Conflict of Interests Definition: a situation in which a person is in a position to derive personal benefit from actions or decisions made in their official capacity. Opposite to the inquisitorial system where a judge or panel of judges call evidence and interrogate witnesses, as exists in many European countries. Even though conservative is defined as a traditionalist and is against change. The reason for this is that power would be in transition due to an election being due or being called suddenly due to the success of a vote of no confidence, or some other situation where legitimate democratic government has to be restored. Term derived from the then department of Agitation and Propaganda of the Soviet Union. The ‘cronies’ of politicians receive favouritism in legal permits, government grants, tax breaks, licences and other forms of state intervention. The group of people who control the laws and affairs of the country. One who leaves their home country for political reasons. The name for proposed legislation entered into the house / houses of parliament to be debated upon for approval. Period of relative peace and optimism between the Franco Prussian War and World War I (1871-1914), marked by progress in the arts, literature, technology and economic development where “European civilisation exerted its maximum influence upon” the world. For a non-national, even someone speaking at a high level of fluency, this is a minefield with no margin for error! The concept of collective, rather than individual, ownership of all the nation’s assets, as well as the duty by those able, to create and / or manage those assets. they won surprise elections and ended up in Parliament! She now lives with her family in Western France. Fr. The tendency to process and analyse information in alignment with one’s own pre-existing beliefs and values. Most of us in the business world use emails as the main, and in some cases the only, means of written communication. Ongoing work within Parliament is trying to ensure that a position in government is not abused, but it is a difficult one. Abused: Taken advantage of, hurt. Sometimes includes a Bill of Rights. Cleavage (politics) Client politics; Clientelism; Co-option; Coattail effect; Code word (figure of speech) Comeback (publicity) Common front; Community wealth building; Comrade; Concession (politics) Confidence and supply; Consensus government; Contingent sovereignty; Continuismo; Conviction politics; Cordon sanitaire (politics) Craxism; Crony capitalism; Crony-capitalism index To run something: To be in charge of something, leader, owner. NOT the Departments and the Civil Service. a  b  c  d  e  f  g  h  i  j  k   l  m  n  o  p  q  r  s  t  u  v  w  y z. Poll: A survey used to gauge public opinion concerning issues or to forecast an election The ‘board of directors’ of executive government. A vote cast by voters who are out of their division but still within their State or Territory which may be cast at any polling place in that State or Territory. A relaxing or easing of tensions between powers. Similar to a grievance debate, but in this case MPs have the opportunity to raise specific issues with the relevant minister. The process to alter a constitution. Controversial as to whether or not a renewable energy. One is IN POWER (currently elected and running things), the next is called the, SHADOW PARTY (the next most popular party when voting took place and they are. government!) Shadow Prime Minister: The leader of the Party in Opposition (second best party!). is a 18th century London house previously occupied by three Prime Ministers and now by the influential think tank, the Royal Institute of International Affairs. A member of Parliament (government or opposition) who is not in a leadership role in their party but merely sits literally on the back bench. Adjective to describe a situation where the normally opposing political parties come together to agree on an initiative. Theory advocated in Nevil Shute’s novel ‘In the Wet’, as well as Mark Twain’s short story ‘The Curious Republic of Condour’. Their economics can be summed up as socialism is about government and capitalism is about the free market. Giga-fren. The Queen (as head of Parliament, although her role is mainly symbolic), the HOUSE OF LORDS, and the HOUSE OF COMMONS, are part of Parliament. An act by a member of a party to enhance his/her chances of being chosen as a candidate in an upcoming election by arranging, and paying membership fees, for a suitably large number of people, who may or may not have any interest in politics, to join the party in the relevant electorate/branch for no other reason than to support that member. There is no value’s. A manipulative leader who gains popularity by appealing to prejudice and basic instincts. Whether you’re writing to friends, colleagues or to a potential business partner, your main goal is to get your message across, in other words, to ensure the recipient understands you. Use the index at the margin to select an entry to view. Delegates are then freed from their commitment to support their original candidate, and so called “horse trading” is engaged in until one candidate can attain a majority and thus go on to become the party’s nominee. The anti-smoking campaign is. Deputy Prime Minister: The assistant to the Prime Minister and the person who takes control in the absence of the Prime Minister. In pro-rep electoral systems the realistic quota to win a seat versus the theoretical quota. The term Political Theory as used in the contemporary sense, may mean the scientific theory, the positivist theory, or the behavioral theory. Government by the people in fact rather than merely in principle. The group of people who control the laws and affairs of the country. Elected Members of Parliament are paid to serve the public. A controversy (often a court case) arousing high public interest because of policy issues at stake. The local candidates and the Party Leaders have put forward their, resident in the UK or British National is entitled to vote, but in order to do so you need to be on the, The day arrives and local vilage halls or sometimes school rooms are turned into, votes are counted, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wakes up to. Other Ways to Say “Once bitten twice shy.”, Common Types of Birds and Bird Idioms with Pictures.

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