It has become a favorite of North American summer gardens with its tall, slender stems and lavender-purple flowers. Charmed me more and more as time went by. For the misapplication "Brazilian verbena" see below. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Each flower about 2 mm diam., subtended by a bract about 3-5 mm long. I think the common name Brazilian Verbena would be better suited to Verbena brasiliensis, which is not the same species as V. bonariensis. V. bonariensis self-seeds readily. It carries 2–3" clusters of pinkish purple blooms on wiry, self-supporting stems. Verbena x hybrida aka Glandularia x hybrida. For earlier bloom, start seed indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost date. This variety originated from South America where it is a common sight in most of the warm regions of Colombia, Chile, Brazil, and Argentina. Common Name(s): Argentinian Vervain; Brazilian Verbena; Clustertop Verbena; Purple Top; Tall Verbena; Tall Vervain; Vervain Sprays holding rounded clusters of mid purple flowers appear on long stiff angular stems. Group or mass in mixed borders, meadows, cottage gardens. "The Names of Plants". Locations within which Verbena bonariensis is naturalisedinclude Australia, eastern Africa and some oceanic islands with warm climates. It can grow to 6 ft (180 cm) tall and can spread to 3 ft (90 cm) wide. Verbena bonariensis L. Flowers borne in terminal spikes about 1-4 cm long. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5” long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5’ tall bearing clusters (to 2” across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. is the moss verbena. The Verbena genus consists of around 250 species, most of which are native to Europe and the Americas. Brazilian verbena grows taller and a little more sparsely than other varieties. Scientific name: Verbena bonariensis Pronunciation: ver-BEEN-nuh boe-nar-ree-EN-sis Common name(s): Purple Verbena Family: Verbenaceae Plant type: ground cover USDA hardiness zones: 7B through 10 (Fig. Origin. This species grows best in a well-drained soil. Verbena bonariensis: Brazilian verbena, Purpletop vervain, Purple top vervain. This species offers a completely different look in Verbenas. It can be grown as an annual in areas where it is not winter hardy and will bloom in the first year when grown from seed. Verbena bonariensis. Common Name(s): pretty verbena : purpletop vervain [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Verbena bonariensis : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Verbena bonariensis Verbena bonariensis L. Verbena bracteata Lag. Back to Previous Page. bonariensis : purpletop vervain VEBOC: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Scientific Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian vervain Quantity Available: 30 Container Size: Quart Price: $7.00 Mature Height: 4' Mature Width: 3' Description: Rapid growing, clump forming habit with dark green foliage and tall stems with clusters of rose- … USDA (2007) However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. bra… Scientific Name Other Common Names; VEBOB: Verbena bonariensis L. var. Verbena is derived from Latin, meaning ‘sacred bough’, in reference to the leafy twigs of vervaine (Verbena officinalis) which were historically carried by priests, used in wreaths for druidic rituals, and for medicine. Verbena. Its long internodes give it a sparse appearance but allow it to intermingle and coexist with other plants. purpletop vervain 1999. Common name: Verbena, V. bonariensis = Tall verbena or Brazillian vervain. & Rodr. The dark green leaves are very narrow and very sparse, so the plants are remarkably light and airy. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensisfor example.Yuan & Olmstead (2008) Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species.E.g. This greatly benefits the reproductive quality and the expansion of the plants, since they will be able to pollinate more quantity. Even if plants do not survive winter, they often remain in St. Louis gardens for a number of years through self-seeding. Scientific Name. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. If sited in sheltered locations with southern exposures, plants can survive mild St. Louis winters. Monogr. bonariensis.  However, this is the result of a mix-up with V. brasiliensis, the "true" Brazilian verbena, which has been erroneously referred to as V. bonariaensis by several botanists. Presently, the plant is on the invasive species watchlist for Washington state, naturalized in tropical and southern Africa, temperate Asia, Australia, New Zealand, the United States (including Hawaii), the West Indies, Macaronesia and the Mascarene Islands. Perennial. Verbena Bonariensis also goes by various other names such as Purpletop vervain, Argentinian Verbena, Tall Verbena as well as Pretty Verbena. Verbena bonariensis (purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena) is a member of the verbena family cultivated as a flowering annual or herbaceous perennial plant. If you like flowers with double functionality, Verbena bonariensis is yours. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Verbena bonariensis is a tall and slender-stemmed perennial. Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. Other cultivars and species: Some other species and hybrids are also used. The common name, vervaine, comes from the Celtic name, ‘ferfain’. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names purple top … Flowerheads are usually in groups of 3. The species, bonariensis was named for the city of Buenos Aires, in South America where it was first discovered. The genus name comes from the Latin Verbena, a classical name for certain sacred branches, probably of Verbena officinalis of Europe. Its scientific name is Verbena bonariensis and it is quite famous for its ability to attract butterflies and other insects to your garden. It is a native plant of southern South American tropical regions. , Sometimes, the name Verbena brasiliensis, Brazilian verbena or Brazilian vervain, is found for this species. Verbena brasiliensis Verbena californica Verbena canadensis Verbena canescens Kunth Verbena carnea Medik. Syst. Set out seedlings or purchased plants after last frost date. The first rule to have Verbena bonariensis in the garden is fulfilling the … They can even grow up to four feet (1.2 meters) if over-fertilized. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. Genus. Sometimes, the common name 'Brazilian Verbena' or 'Brazilian Vervain' is found for this species. No serious insect or disease problems. Common Name(s): Purple Verbena; Rigid Verbena; Sandpaper Verbena; Slender Vervain; Tuberous Vervain Plants more freely self-seed in the deep South where they have escaped gardens and naturalized in a number of areas. It is native to tropical South America where it grows throughout most of the warm regions, from Colombia and Brazil to Argentina and Chile. Verbena bonariensis can grow four to six feet tall and yet is fantastic at the front of the border as a see-through plant. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Cambridge University Press. Blooms mid summer to fall. Verbena bonariensis aka V. patagonica. Spikes of Purple Goodness. Verbena Purpletop vervain, Verbena bonariensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Lamiales Family: Verbenaceae Genus: Verbena L. Type species Verbena officinalis L. Species Verbena alata Cham. Leaves are ovate to ovate-lanceolate with a toothed margin and grow up to 4 in (10 cm) long. Among these, it is part of a lineage which might also include Verbena intermedia and seems well distant from Verbena litoralis or Verbena montevidensis for example. Verbena bonariensis, tall verbena, is a long-flowering perennial native to South America. Seedling. Spikes usually in umbellate or cymose clusters. Gledhill, David (2008). , Verbena bonariensis is a member of the South American vervains, which are polyploid and have more than 14 chromosomes. , There are two named subspecies:. Tall Verbena, Purple Top, Cluster Flower Vervain, Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening -, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Verbena_bonariensis&oldid=971240806, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Common Name: Argentinian Vervain, Tall Verbena: Scientific Name: Verbena Bonariensis: Plant Family: Verbenaceae: Origin: Native to South America: Height: This is a tall perennial, suitable for the middle or back of the border and reaching a height of up to 1.5 metres (5 feet) Brazilian verbena (Verbena bonariensis). It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.. purpletop, cluster flower vervain, tall verbena. It prefers full sun to partial shade and needs regular moisture. In St. Louis, plants typically form a 1-foot tall basal clump of serrate, lance-shaped, dark green leaves (to 5â long) from which rise erect, slender, wiry, branching, sparsely-leaved, 4-angled stems to 3.5â tall bearing clusters (to 2â across) of tiny rose-violet flowers. V. bonariensis is commonly grown from seed which germinates readily without pre-treatment, but can also be propagated from herbaceous stem cuttings. Verbena bonariensis (syn. Fruit splits open when seed matures. At maturity, it will develop a woody base. Tolerates poor soils as long as drainage is good. V. patagonica) is a short-lived herbaceous perennial that goes by the common name of Purpletop Vervain. Watch for powdery mildew. It is a perennial, hardy in USDA Zones 7-11. This is about the Verbena bonariensis described by Linnaeus. Requirements to Grow. Botanical Name: Verbena bonariensis Common Name: Brazilian Vervain Family: Verbenaceae Category: Hardy Perennial Seed Count: 200. ‘Buenos’ means ‘good’ and ‘aires’ means ‘air’ (‘good air’). See also below for a common misapplication of this taxon. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Verbena bonariensis – A super hardy perennial from Brazil that is well suited to our Australian gardens. Type. This is a newer hybrid variety of verbena that produces beautiful deep blue flowers. , Its specific epithet means ‘from Buenos Aires, Argentina’. Verbena bonariensis. They can be separated by the following differences: Verbena bonariensis has tubular flowers that are … Where is this species invasive in the US. Botanical name: Verbena bonariensis; Common name: Argentinian vervain ; Family: Verbenaceae ; Plant Type: Perennial Verbena officinalis is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). Common Name: tall verbena Type: Herbaceous perennial Zone: 7 to 11 ... Comes back forever, which isn't that common for Verbena in northern CA. Verbena canadensis, (Glandularia canadensis) is also sometimes used. The flowers which appear in mid- to late summer, are very attractive to butterflies, and provide nectar for native bees and many beneficial garden insects. V. bonariensis is cultivated as an ornamental plant for traditional and drought tolerant and 'pollinator-host' gardens and parks. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, Lepidoptera (Moths & Butterflies). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).  It has naturalized in a number of southern United States. Glandularia sp. Tender perennial that is winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-10. Common Name. Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board (WSNWCB) (2007): Yuan, Yao-Wu & Olmstead, Richard G. (2008): A species-level phylogenetic study of the, This page was last edited on 4 August 2020, at 23:09. According to Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk, it is considered a weed in Fiji, New Guinea and other South Pacific islands.. As seed starts to mature at base last flowers still cling to top. Common Name: Verbena Genus: Verbena Species: bonariensis Skill Level: Beginner Exposure: Full sun Hardiness: Half Hardy Soil type: Well-drained/light, Moist Height: 150cm Spread: 45cm Find help & information on Verbena bonariensis purple top from the RHS. Synonymous with V. patagonica.Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means of Buenos Aires, Argentina. – Brazilian vervain Subordinate Taxa. Fragrant lavender to rose-purple flowers are in tight clusters located on terminal and axillary stems, blooming from mid-summer until fall frost. 2) Planting month for zone 7: year round Planting month for zone 8: year round Planting month for zone 9: year round It has a reputation of rarely being attacked by insect pests, but may be susceptible to powdery mildew. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Purple Top. Mix it with Cosmos 'Purity' and Gaura lindheimeri to create a lovely, airy filling to a border, and there is no better plant for lining a path. The stem is square with very long internodes. Verbena demissa Verbena gla… conglomerata Briq. Named by Virgil and Pliny the Elder. In St. Louis, grow as an annual in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Verbena bonariensis, commonly called Brazilian vervain, is a rapid-growing, clump-forming tender perennial. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Verbenaceae – Verbena family Genus: Verbena L. – vervain Species: Verbena brasiliensis Vell. Seed may be sown directly in the garden after last frost date. Check other web resources for Verbena bonariensis L. : Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS) Bot. In USA horticulture, it is also known by the ambiguous names "purpletop" (also used for the grass Tridens flavus) and "South American vervain" (which can mean any of the numerous species in the genus Verbena occurring in that continent). Blue Princess verbena (Verbena x hybrida ‘Blue Princess’). They can be put at the front of the border without blocking the plants behind. This ability has raised concerns that it may become an invasive species and noxious weed in favorable habitats. Group/Species. Purpletop (Verbena bonariensis) is extremely similar to Verbena incompta, which is also known as purpletop, and these two species have often been confused. Common Names.
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